Age of Exploration - Dutch

The Martian Chronicles:History Behind the Chronicles

Introduction to the History of the Dutch East Indies

The Royal Dutch Geographical Society and the Dutch East Indies, 1873-1914: from colonial lobby to colonial hobby
Paul van der Velde published in Geograpy and Imperialism 1820-1940, edited by Morag Bell, Robin Butlin and Michael Hefferman, p.80-92

The Rise of Imperialism in the Netherlands

In the 1800's, the two most ideal colonies to have in the world were the Dutch East Indies and British India. All of Europe had always received more imports from other countries than they put out. This was not the case with the Dutch East Indies and British India. Year after year, they put out more than they took in. Both were rich with natural resources and did lots of trade with-in themselves. This made them ideal colonies, and explains why the Netherlands were so interested in maintaining their leadership over the Dutch East Indies.


Nipissing University History 2155 -- Early Modern Europe Seventeenth-Century Imperialism
Steve Muhlberger

The Dutch as an example:

In Europe they could undercut all competitors in a free competition, and so they insisted on their right to trade freely in
all waters. Elsewhere, they were determined to keep all competitors out of the crucial areas. An English diplomat named Downing remarked on this two-faced Dutch policy in 1663, just before England and the Dutch went to war over trade: "It is mare liberum [open seas] in the British seas but mare clausum [closed seas] on the coast of Africa and in the East Indies." [Boxer 92]

Imperialism in the Dutch East Indies General